To understand Learning DisabilitiesAuthor: reema chowhai
Learning disabilities, or learning disorders are a wide variety of learning problems. A learning disability is not a problem with intelligence or motivation. Kids with learning disabilities aren\'t lazy or dumb. In fact, most are just as smart as everyone else. Their brains are simply wired differently. This difference affects how they receive and process information.
If your child is struggling, and you suspect a pattern of difficulties rather than an isolated instance, speak first with your child\'s teacher and other school authorities about your concerns and to set up learning disability testing. Also, have your child\'s hearing and vision tested (by your pediatrician, and an audiologist or ophthalmologist).
Remember, the evaluation and diagnosis of your child\'s learning disorder is not a sign of failure. It\'s an opportunity. If you stay active in the process of learning disability testing, you\'ll find you have more control than you think you do .The first part of determining whether your child has a learning disability is the testing process. The learning disability testing process usually begins when a child has problems with academics or behavior in school.The child\'s Learning disability testing is required to determine eligibility for special education;
..Learning disability testing provides important information about suspected disability
Common type of learning disabilities are-
Dyslexia -Difficulty reading: Problems reading, writing, spelling, speaking
Dyscalculia-Difficulty with math: Problems doing math problems, understanding time, using money
Dysgraphia- Difficulty with writing : Problems with handwriting, spelling, organizing ideas
Dysphasia/Aphasia- Difficulty with language:Problems understanding spoken language, poor reading comprehension
Dyspraxia (Sensory Integration Disorder)- Difficulty with fine motor skills : Problems with hand–eye coordination, balance, manual dexterity
Auditory Processing Disorder- Difficulty hearing differences between sounds: Problems with reading, comprehension, language
Visual Processing Disorder -Difficulty interpreting visual information: Problems with reading, math, maps, charts, symbols, pictures
Difficulty in school doesn\'t always stem from a learning disability. Anxiety, depression, stressful events, emotional trauma, and other conditions affecting concentration make learning more of a challenge. In addition, ADHD and autism sometimes co-occur or are confused with learning Difficulty
ADHD –Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, while not considered a learning disability, can certainly disrupt learning. Children with ADHD often have problems sitting still, staying focused, following instructions, staying organized, and completing homework.
Autism – Difficulty mastering certain academic skills can stem from pervasive developmental disorders such as autism and Asperger\'s syndrome. Children with autism spectrum disorder may have trouble communicating, reading body language, learning basic skills, making friends, and making eye contact.